UCAR Quarterly

UCAR Quarterly PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Atmosphere
Languages : en
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Setting Priorities for Large Research Facility Projects Supported by the National Science Foundation

Setting Priorities for Large Research Facility Projects Supported by the National Science Foundation PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309090849
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 236

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Book Description
In 1995, the National Science Foundation (NSF) created a special account to fund large (several tens of millions of dollars) research facilities. Over the years, these facilities have come to represent an increasingly prominent part of the nation's R&D portfolio. Recently concern has intensified about the way NSF is selecting projects for this account. In 2003, six U.S. Senators including the chair and ranking member of the Senate Subcommittee on VA, HUD, and Independent Agencies Appropriations expressed these concerns in a letter to the NRC asking it to "review the current prioritization process and report to us on how it can be improved." This report presents a series of recommendations on how NSF can improve its priority setting process for large research facilities. While noting that NSF has improved this process, the report states that further strengthening is needed if NSF is to meet future demands for such projects.

Strategic Guidance for the National Science Foundation's Support of the Atmospheric Sciences

Strategic Guidance for the National Science Foundation's Support of the Atmospheric Sciences PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309179034
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 216

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The National Science Foundation’s Division of Atmospheric Sciences (ATM) supports research to develop new understanding of Earth’s atmosphere and how the Sun impacts it. Strategic Guidance for the National Science Foundation's Support of the Atmospheric Sciences provides guidance to ATM on its strategy for achieving its goals in the atmospheric sciences, including cutting-edge research, education and workforce development, service to society, computational and observational objectives, and data management. The report reviews how the atmospheric sciences have evolved over the past several decades and analyzes the strengths and limitations of the various modes of support employed by ATM. It concludes that ATM is operating in an environment that is ever more cross-disciplinary, interagency, and international, making a more strategic approach necessary to manage activities in a way that actively engages the atmospheric sciences community. At the same time, ATM should preserve opportunities for basic research, especially projects that are high risk, potentially transformative, or unlikely to be supported by other government agencies. Finally, ATM needs to be more proactive in attracting highly talented students to the atmospheric sciences as an investment in the ability to make future breakthroughs.

Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change, Second Edition

Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change, Second Edition PDF Author: S. George Philander
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412992613
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1719

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This Second Edition of an academic yet non-technical resource examines the effects, history and ongoing research in the important field of global warming and climate change.

Improving the Effectiveness of U.S. Climate Modeling

Improving the Effectiveness of U.S. Climate Modeling PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309072573
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 145

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Book Description
Information derived from climate modeling has become increasingly important in recent years. More and more we understand that climate variability and change impacts society and that dealing with climate-related disasters, conflicts, and opportunities requires the best possible information about the past, present, and future of the climate system. To this end, Improving the Effectiveness of U.S. Climate Modeling describes ways to improve the efficacy of the U.S. climate modeling enterprise, given the current needs and resources. It discusses enhanced and stable resources for modeling activities, focused and centralized operational activities, how to give researchers access to the best computing facilities, the creation of a common modeling and data infrastructure, and research studies on the socioeconomic aspects of climate and climate modeling.

Climate Change

Climate Change PDF Author: Bharat Raj Singh
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 9535109340
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 526

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Book Description
The Earth is the only planet in our solar system that supports life. The complex process of evolution occurred on Earth only because of some unique environmental conditions that were present: water, an oxygen-rich atmosphere, and a suitable surface temperature. Climate change refers to a statistically significant variation in either the mean state of the climate or in its variability, persisting for an extended period (typically decades or longer). Thus, it requires field of attention towards reduction in the rise in atmospheric temperature, by controlling emitted greenhouse gases into the atmosphere in order to preserve natural resources and by introducing new technologies on alternative fuels. This book presents the fundamental effect on the origin of climate change, impacts over ice cap, melting of Arctic ice, rise in sea level and related technologies that can be implemented to cultivate our land for agriculture, growing forestation to reduce the impact of temperature rise and disaster on human being as well as on other livelihood. This also need to strive for novel policies that world leader should adopt.

Severe-Storm Scientists

Severe-Storm Scientists PDF Author: Jennifer Way
Publisher: Enslow Publishing, LLC
ISBN: 0766069699
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 128

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Book Description
Are you fascinated by wind, tornadoes, and hurricanes? Do you wish you could chase them? Then maybe a career in weather science is for you! Through interviews and stories of exciting—and terrifying—encounters with actual storms, you'll learn what these storm chasers do, how they study the weather, and what they can learn from it.

The Future of Atmospheric Chemistry Research

The Future of Atmospheric Chemistry Research PDF Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309445655
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 227

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Book Description
Our world is changing at an accelerating rate. The global human population has grown from 6.1 billion to 7.1 billion in the last 15 years and is projected to reach 11.2 billion by the end of the century. The distribution of humans across the globe has also shifted, with more than 50 percent of the global population now living in urban areas, compared to 29 percent in 1950. Along with these trends, increasing energy demands, expanding industrial activities, and intensification of agricultural activities worldwide have in turn led to changes in emissions that have altered the composition of the atmosphere. These changes have led to major challenges for society, including deleterious impacts on climate, human and ecosystem health. Climate change is one of the greatest environmental challenges facing society today. Air pollution is a major threat to human health, as one out of eight deaths globally is caused by air pollution. And, future food production and global food security are vulnerable to both global change and air pollution. Atmospheric chemistry research is a key part of understanding and responding to these challenges. The Future of Atmospheric Chemistry Research: Remembering Yesterday, Understanding Today, Anticipating Tomorrow summarizes the rationale and need for supporting a comprehensive U.S. research program in atmospheric chemistry; comments on the broad trends in laboratory, field, satellite, and modeling studies of atmospheric chemistry; determines the priority areas of research for advancing the basic science of atmospheric chemistry; and identifies the highest priority needs for improvements in the research infrastructure to address those priority research topics. This report describes the scientific advances over the past decade in six core areas of atmospheric chemistry: emissions, chemical transformation, oxidants, atmospheric dynamics and circulation, aerosol particles and clouds, and biogeochemical cycles and deposition. This material was developed for the NSF's Atmospheric Chemistry Program; however, the findings will be of interest to other agencies and programs that support atmospheric chemistry research.

The Earth Observer

The Earth Observer PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Artificial satellites in earth sciences
Languages : en
Pages :

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Killers in the Brain

Killers in the Brain PDF Author: Peter Day
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198505402
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 196

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Book Description
Killers in the Brain presents a selection of wide-ranging essays from the Royal Institution, offering fascinating and authoritative accounts of current thinking in many areas of science and technology. The subjects are as wide-ranging as ever, from Simon Conway Morris (author of thebest-selling Crucible of creation) discussing the fossils of the Burgess Shale, and whether there can ever really be a chance of finding other life in the Universe, to Robert Matthews' highly entertaining scientific analysis of Murphy's Law. Also in this volume are essays on neurodegenerativediseases or 'brain killers', such as Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia, a scientific exploration of the human singing voice, and Russell Stannard writing on the Big Bang, and whether, given our current knowledge of this event, a place can ever be found within such a theory for a Creator. Thebook finishes with a look at the worrying increase in asthma and allergies world-wide, and an account of the phenomenon called El Nino, an event which has a significant effect on the weather conditions throughout the world and causes death and destruction in many countries.