Producing Security

Producing Security PDF Author: Stephen G. Brooks
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400841305
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 320

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Book Description
Scholars and statesmen have debated the influence of international commerce on war and peace for thousands of years. Over the centuries, analysts have generally treated the questions "Does international commerce influence security?" and "Do trade flows influence security?" as synonymous. In Producing Security, Stephen Brooks maintains that such an overarching focus on the security implications of trade once made sense but no longer does. Trade is no longer the primary means of organizing international economic transactions; rather, where and how multinational corporations (MNCs) organize their international production activities is now the key integrating force of global commerce. MNC strategies have changed in a variety of fundamental ways over the past three decades, Brooks argues, resulting in an increased geographic dispersion of production across borders. The author shows that the globalization of production has led to a series of shifts in the global security environment. It has a differential effect on security relations, in part because it does not encompass all countries and industries to the same extent. The book's findings indicate that the geographic dispersion of MNC production acts as a significant force for peace among the great powers. The author concludes that there is no basis for optimism that the globalization of production will promote peace elsewhere in the world. Indeed, he finds that it has a net negative influence on security relations among developing countries.

The Economics of Producing Defense

The Economics of Producing Defense PDF Author: Yaacov Lifshitz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461504090
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 354

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Book Description
The Economics of Producing Defense: Illustrated by the Israeli Case begins with an overview of the development of defense economics as a sub-discipline of the general theory of economics, and points at the new challenges it is facing in the post-Cold War era. It focuses, then, on the supply side of defense economics, presenting theoretical analyses and empirical findings related to the use of various inputs - manpower, domestically-made defense products, imported arms - in providing national security. Most of the issues under discussion are further elucidated by examples from Israel's experience. As a small economy that faces continuously severe security problems, Israel's way of coping with defense economic issues may indeed forward some interesting lessons for a wider audience. The principal aim of the book is to convince policy-makers and the public at large of the contribution defense economics could make to more effective management of national security problems. This aim is encouraged by the growing weight attached to economic considerations and consequences in producing and supplying defense, as demonstrated in the detailed discussion.

Producing Open Source Software

Producing Open Source Software PDF Author: Karl Fogel
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 0596552998
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Book Description
The corporate market is now embracing free, "open source" software like never before, as evidenced by the recent success of the technologies underlying LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP). Each is the result of a publicly collaborative process among numerous developers who volunteer their time and energy to create better software. The truth is, however, that the overwhelming majority of free software projects fail. To help you beat the odds, O'Reilly has put together Producing Open Source Software, a guide that recommends tried and true steps to help free software developers work together toward a common goal. Not just for developers who are considering starting their own free software project, this book will also help those who want to participate in the process at any level. The book tackles this very complex topic by distilling it down into easily understandable parts. Starting with the basics of project management, it details specific tools used in free software projects, including version control, IRC, bug tracking, and Wikis. Author Karl Fogel, known for his work on CVS and Subversion, offers practical advice on how to set up and use a range of tools in combination with open mailing lists and archives. He also provides several chapters on the essentials of recruiting and motivating developers, as well as how to gain much-needed publicity for your project. While managing a team of enthusiastic developers -- most of whom you've never even met -- can be challenging, it can also be fun. Producing Open Source Software takes this into account, too, as it speaks of the sheer pleasure to be had from working with a motivated team of free software developers.

Independent Film Producing

Independent Film Producing PDF Author: Paul Battista
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1621533875
Category : Performing Arts
Languages : en
Pages : 320

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Book Description
The number of independent films produced each year has almost doubled in the past decade, yet only a fraction will succeed. If, like many filmmakers, you have no industry connections, little to no experience, and a low or ultra-low budget, this outsider’s guide will teach you what you need to know to produce a standout, high-quality film and get it into the right hands. Written by an entertainment lawyer and experienced director and producer, this handbook covers all the most essential business, legal, and practical aspects of producing on a low budget, including: Scripts Business plans Copyright issues Equity and non-equity financing Fund-raising Tax considerations Talent recruiting Scheduling Distribution Securities laws Film festivals And more Also discussed are the new crowd funding laws covered by the JOBS Act, making this book a must-read for every indie producer in today’s economy. If you want to produce a film that gets attention, pick up the book that is recommended or required reading at film, business, and law schools from UCLA to NYU. Whether you’re a recent film school graduate or simply a Hollywood outsider, Independent Film Producing will be like having a best friend who is an experienced, well-connected insider.

International Relations from the Global South

International Relations from the Global South PDF Author: Arlene B. Tickner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317629558
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 350

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Book Description
This exciting new textbook challenges the implicit notions inherent in most existing International Relations (IR) scholarship and instead presents the subject as seen from different vantage points in the global South. Divided into four sections, (1) the IR discipline, (2) key concepts and categories, (3) global issues and (4) IR futures, it examines the ways in which world politics have been addressed by traditional core approaches and explores the limitations of these treatments for understanding both Southern and Northern experiences of the "international." The book encourages readers to consider how key ideas have been developed in the discipline, and through systematic interventions by contributors from around the globe, aims at both transforming and enriching the dominant terms of scholarly debate. This empowering, critical and reflexive tool for thinking about the diversity of experiences of international relations and for placing them front and center in the classroom will help professors and students in both the global North and the global South envision the world differently. In addition to general, introductory IR courses at both the undergraduate and graduate levels it will appeal to courses on sociology and historiography of knowledge, globalization, neoliberalism, security, the state, imperialism and international political economy.

Milk Producers Prompt Payment Act of 1984

Milk Producers Prompt Payment Act of 1984 PDF Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture. Subcommittee on Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Dairy laws
Languages : en
Pages : 103

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Book Description


Producing for the Web

Producing for the Web PDF Author: Jason Whittaker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134736223
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 176

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Book Description
Producing for the Web is a clear and practical guide to the planning, setting up and management of a web site. It gives readers a comprehensive overview of the current technologies available for on-line communications and shows how to use then for maximum effect when planning a web site. Producing for the Web sets out the practical toolkit that a web producer will require to create their site, from web and image editors to information processing and programme applications. Supported by a regularly updated and comprehensive web site, Producing for the Web includes: * an introduction to the Internet and the World Wide Web * illustrated examples of good page design and site content * on-line support, tutorials and information on latest technologies * advice on content, maintenance and how to use sites effectively * how best to maximise available programmes and applications * tips on writing and style * a discussion about ethics and regulation * an extensive list of resources and Internet terminology.

Producing for Web 2.0

Producing for Web 2.0 PDF Author: Jason Whittaker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134484151
Category : Reference
Languages : en
Pages : 176

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Book Description
Web Production for Writers and Journalists is a clear and practical guide to planning, setting up and managing a website. Supported by a regularly updated and comprehensive website at www.producing.routledge.com, the book includes: *illustrated examples of good page design and site content *online support tutorials and information at www.producing.routledge.com *advice on content, maintenance, and how to use sites effectively *an extensive list of resources and Internet terminology. Now written specifically for journalists and writers, the second edition includes: *a comprehensive section on how ethics and regulation affect web producers *tutorials for the main applications used by web producers today *information on incorporating Flash and video into a website *guides to good practice for students of journalism, broadcasting and media studies.

An Economic Efficiency Analysis of Crop Producing Farms in Uzbekistan

An Economic Efficiency Analysis of Crop Producing Farms in Uzbekistan PDF Author: Aziz Karimov
Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag
ISBN: 3736942885
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 242

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Book Description
Kurzbeschreibung Während die landwirtschaftlichen Produktivitätsfortschritte von der Entwicklung der Gesamtwirtschaft eines Landes abhängen, spielt die effiziente Nutzung von landwirtschaftlichen Inputs eine wichtige Rolle für das Wachstum des Farmsektors. In Diskussionen über angemessene Politiken für Länder im Transformationsprozess ist auf diesen Unterschied oft hingewiesen worden. Dennoch gibt es bisher kaum quantitative Analysen der Effizienz der Ressourcennutzung während des Transformationsprozesses in den zentralasiatischen Ländern. Die vorliegende Studie ist eine der ersten, die für Usbekistan empirische Evidenz über die Effizienzniveaus bei der Produktion von Baumwolle, Weizen und Gemüse liefert. Auf der Basis von Querschnittsdaten des Landwirtschafts-Surveys von 2007 für die usbekischen Regionen Khorezm und Fergana wird die Ressourcennutzung der landwirtschaftlichen Betriebe untersucht. Methodisch kommen sowohl parametrische als auch nicht-parametrische Verfahren der „Frontier Analysis“ zur Anwendung. Im Fall der Baumwollproduktion wurde ein theoretisch konsistentes Frontier-Modell entwickelt, um technische Effizienzniveaus zu messen und Gründe für Ineffizienz zu bestimmen. Die verwendete Analysetechnik erlaubt es, sowohl monotone als auch quasi-konkave Restriktionen in einem semiparametrischen Umfeld zu betrachten. Die empirischen Ergebnisse der Modelanalyse zeigen Effizienzniveaus von 85% bzw. 88% für Khorezm und Fergana. Sie belegen, dass es auch ohne die Einführung neuer Technologien Spielräume für eine Erhöhung der Baumwollproduktion gibt. Für die Weizen und Gemüse produzierenden landwirtschaftlichen Betriebe wurde eine erweiterte „Data Envelopment Analysis“ entwickelt, um für diese Betriebe fehler-korrigierte Effizienzniveaus zu schätzen. Die empirischen Ergebnisse belegen, dass erhebliche Spielräume zur Steigerung der technischen Effizienz bestehen. Zudem erreichten effiziente Betriebe höhere Ernteerträge in beiden Teilregionen. Diese Ergebnisse legen nahe, dass nicht nur Betriebsgrößen eine Rolle spielen sondern auch das Management der Produktion sowohl in kleinen als auch in größeren Betrieben. Hinsichtlich der Bestimmungsgründe für die Nutzung landwirtschaftlicher Inputs zeigen die Analysen, dass die Effizienz bei strategischen Erzeugnissen auf Böden mit niedrigem Bonitätsgrad und im Fall von Gemüse auf Böden mit höherem Bonitätsgrad höher ist. Ein ausreichender Zugang zu Bewässerung erhöht die technische Effizienz bei der Produktion aller untersuchter Erzeugnisse. Jedoch wurde ein statistisch signifikantes Ergebnis nur für die Produktion von Kartoffeln gefunden. Die Analyse nach Regionen zeigt, dass die Farmer in Khorezm bei allen Erzeugnissen weniger effizient sind als die in Fergana. Weitere statistisch signifikante Bestimmungsgründe für die technische Effizienz bei der Baumwollproduktion waren die nicht-landwirtschaftliche Beschäftigung von Farmern, ihr Ausbildungsgrad und ihre Erfahrung in der Landwirtschaft, ihre Zufriedenheit mit den Angeboten der Wasser-Nutzer-Vereinigungen sowie die Qualität ihrer Bewässerungsanlagen, der Zugang zu Krediten und schließlich die Verwendung von organischem Dünger. Für Getreide und Gemüse ergaben sich folgende statistisch signifikante Ergebnisse: Die Effizienz steigt mit der Größe der Farmen (Kartoffeln); sie ist ebenfalls größer in Gebieten mit ähnlicher Produktionsstruktur sowie in Farmen, die von den Märkten weit entfernt liegen (Weizen, Kartoffeln); und schließlich in Farmen mit einem besseren Bewässerungssystem (Weizen). Basierend auf der Dualität zwischen der direktionalen Distanz- und der Kostenfunktion ergibt sich allokative Ineffizienz in der Gemüseproduktion. Die Modelergebnisse deuten darauf hin, dass Gemüse produzierende Farmen ihre Inputkosten und mengen erheblich reduzieren könnten ohne ihr Output-Niveau zu senken. Dies bedeutet, dass alle Gemüseproduzenten Schwierigkeiten haben, einen optimalen Input-Output Mix zu erreichen. Und schließlich schätzt das Model Schattenpreise für Boden und Arbeit unter den Bedingungen ineffizienter Produktion, die sowohl für Politiker als auch für Wissenschaftler von Interesse sein können. Benchmarking kann ein nützlicher Ansatz sein, um die technische und die allokative Effizienz der landwirtschaftlichen Produktion in Usbekistan zu verbessern. Mit markt-orientierten Reformen der Agrarpolitik und besseren Anreizen für Farmer können ineffiziente Farmer von „best practices“ lernen und innovative und kosteneffiziente Methoden der landwirschaftlichen Produktion im gegebenen institutionellen Rahmen anwenden. Description While increasing agricultural crop productivity depends on the performance of a country's entire economy, the efficient use of farm inputs plays an important role in the growth of the farming sector. This issue has often been mentioned in policy debates of transition countries. However, quantitative assessment of resource use efficiency studies has been very limited in the case of Central Asian (CA) countries in their ongoing transition period. This study is one of the first to provide empirical evidence on the efficiency levels in the production of cotton, wheat, and vegetables in Uzbekistan. It uses cross-sectional farm survey data for 2007 from the Khorezm and Fergana regions of Uzbekistan to study farm performance in resource utilization. Both parametric and nonparametric frontier techniques were used in the efficiency analysis. In the case of cotton production, a theoretically consistent stochastic frontier model (SFM) was developed to estimate technical efficiency (TE) levels and determine factors that are responsible for inefficiency. The analytical technique applied considered monotonicity and quasiconcavity restrictions in the semi-parametric setting. Model findings report TE scores of 85% and 88% in the Khorezm and Fergana regions. These results show the existence of potential enhancements in cotton production even before the introduction of new technologies. The study methodologically extended Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to provide bias corrected efficiency scores on wheat and vegetable producing farms. Model findings show that these farms could increase their TE considerably. Moreover, efficient farms achieved higher crop yields in both regions. Farmers were more scale-efficient but not technically efficient in the case of all crops. This suggests that attention has to be paid not only to the scale of operations but also to better management of crop production both on small and large farms. Interesting findings from SFM and DEA show that efficiency is greater in arable lands with lower bonitet scores in the cultivation of strategic crops and larger in lands with higher bonitet scores in the case of vegetables. Access to adequate irrigation is critical in the production of all crops as it substantially increases TE. Crop diversification seems to improve farm TE in the production of all crops. However, a statistically significant result is found only in the case of potato production. Regional differences show a geographical divide in terms of resource-use efficiency, with farmers in Khorezm being less efficient in the production of all crops. Other variables which showed positive significant result with TE in the case of cotton were farmers who were not involved in off-farm work; farmers with educational background and experience in agriculture; those satisfied with the services of the Water User Association (WUA) and who had a renovated drainage system; farmers with easier access to credit; and those who applied organic manure to cotton fields. In the case of wheat and vegetables, significant results were as follows: farmers with larger farm size only for potato producing farms); those who reported potential to work in larger crop growing areas (wheat and potato); those with farm fields far away from markets (wheat and potato); farmers using less chemicals in production (melon); and those with better canal systems (wheat). Using the duality between the directional distance function and the cost function, the study also finds allocative inefficiency (AI) in the vegetable farming system. Model results suggest that it is possible for vegetable-producing farms to substantially reduce input costs and quantities and still maintain current output levels. Model estimates show that vegetable producing farms cannot allocate their resources cost effectively. This implies that all producers have struggled to attain optimum input–output mixes. Finally, the model shows estimates of shadow prices of land and labor in the existence of inefficiencies which could be of great interest to policy makers and researchers. A benchmarking approach to set up frontier farms can be a useful analytical tool in identifying better performing farms with the purpose of improving technical and allocative efficiency (AE) of crop production in Uzbekistan. Insofar as market-based reforms could take place in the country and better incentives are provided to the farmers, inefficient farmers could learn from farming best practices and adopt explicit agronomic, innovative, and cost-effective ways of cultivating crops under the current institutional setting.

Effects of Foreign Oil Imports on Independent Domestic Producers

Effects of Foreign Oil Imports on Independent Domestic Producers PDF Author: United States. Congress. House. Select Committee on Small Business
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Petroleum industry and trade
Languages : en
Pages : 1002

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Book Description
May 25 and 26 hearings were held in Dallas, Tex.; July 14 hearing was held in NYC; and Aug. 17 hearing was held in Wichita, Kans.; Nov. 15 and 16 hearings were held in NYC; Continuation of hearings on impact of oil imports on domestic oil and coal production. Includes criticism of U.S. policy of fostering imports by U.S. and Europe of foreign oil. Apr. 24 hearing was held in Jackson, Miss.; Apr. 25 hearing was held in New Orleans, La.; Apr. 26, hearing was held in Lake Charles, and Shreveport, La.; Apr. 27 hearing was held in Little Rock, Ark.; Apr. 28 hearing was held in Oklahoma City, Okla.; and May 2 hearing was held in Santa Fe, N. Mex.