Philosophy and Revolutions in Genetics

Philosophy and Revolutions in Genetics PDF Author: Keekok Lee
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230599028
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 236

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Book Description
The last century saw two great revolutions in genetics; the development of classic Mendelian theory and the discovery and investigation of DNA. Each fundamental scientific discovery in turn generated its own distinctive technology. Biotechnology is the offspring of the latter and is expected to be the driving force behind economic growth in the twenty-first century. These two case studies enable the author to conduct a philosophical exploration of the relationship between fundamental scientific discoveries on the one hand, and the technologies that spring from them on the other. As such it is also an exercise in the philosophy of technology.

Genetics and Plant Breeding

Genetics and Plant Breeding PDF Author: Roderick Wiley &
Publisher: Scientific e-Resources
ISBN: 1839472715
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Book Description
Plant breeding concerned with the improvement of crops through techniques involving creation of genetic variation and subsequent selection of the desirable genotype is crucial to the continual growth of agriculture especially if the introduction of such crops with characters like high yield superior quality early maturity resistance to disease and pests etc. is to be done. Genetically modified plants are created by the process of genetic engineering, which allows scientists to move genetic material between organisms with the aim of changing their characteristics. All organisms are composed of cells that contain the DNA molecule. Molecules of DNA form units of genetic information, known as genes. Modern techniques of genetic engineering an: essentially a refinement of the kinds of genetic modifications that have long been used to enhance plants, microorganisms and animals for food. Advancements in molecular and cell biology have led to the development of a range of techniques for manipulating genomes, collectively termed as biotechnology. Today, biotechnology is being used as a tool to give plants new traits that benefit agricultural production, the environment and human nutrition and health. This book aims at providing the basic background on all aspects related to cell, genetics and plant breeding.

Genetics and Biotechnology

Genetics and Biotechnology PDF Author: Lynn Cook
Publisher: Scientific e-Resources
ISBN: 1839472685
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 320

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Book Description
Genetics is the study of heredity and how it affects plants and animals, while biotechnology is the application of modern DNA marker, isolation, and transfer technologies toward improving plant and animal agricultural productivity, environmental remediation, and the treatment of disease. Genetics and Biotechnology are relatively new fields of study and use biotechniques to genetically improve economically important plants and animals. This field holds tremendous promise for meeting the food and fiber needs of the developing world. Students are prepared for immediate employment or for graduate study in plant and animal biotechnology, molecular biology, genetics, or the health professions. Genetic manipulation of whole organisms has been happening naturally by sexual reproduction since the beginning of time. The evolutionary progress of almost all living creatures has involved active interaction between their genomes and the environment. Active control of sexual reproduction has been practiced in agriculture for decades - even centuries. In more recent times it has been used with several industrial microorganisms. It involves selection, mutation, sexual crosses, hybridisation, etc. Biotechnology has so far been considered as an interplay between two components, one of which is the selection of the best biocatalyst for a particular process, while the other is the construction and operation of the best environment for the catalyst to achieve optimum operation. The overall objective of this book is to provide a professional level reference work with comprehensive coverage of the molecular basis of life and the application of that knowledge in genetics, evolution, medicine, and agriculture.

Genetics and Physiology of Microbes

Genetics and Physiology of Microbes PDF Author: Kobe Donaldson
Publisher: Scientific e-Resources
ISBN: 1839471913
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 320

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Book Description
Metabolic patterns of living organisms are based on the underlying genetic machinery. The variety of physiological processes in living organisms both micro and macro has been built on the plasticity and adaptability of their genome. Hereditary and physiology of microbes primarily deals with the varying mechanisms of metabolic processes and an equally varying array of genetic patterns. This book holds the intelligent, simple to-take after association of the past versions. A prologue to cell structure and amalgamation of cell parts is given, trailed by itemized dialogs of genetics, digestion, development, and control for anybody wishing to comprehend the instruments hidden cell survival and development. This far reaching reference approaches the subject from an advanced atomic hereditary point of view, consolidating new bits of knowledge picked up from different genome ventures. Microbial genetics, be that as it may, manages their structure, association, transmission and capacity of qualities, and the starting point of variety in them with reference to microorganisms. These two branches of microbiology are very investigated amid the current past and are, truth be told, the focal creed of natural sciences.

Cytology, Genetics and Molecular Biology

Cytology, Genetics and Molecular Biology PDF Author: Lynn Scott & Glen Pierce
Publisher: Scientific e-Resources
ISBN: 1839472650
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 288

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Book Description
Cytology refers to a branch of pathology, the medical specialty that deals with making diagnoses of diseases and conditions through the examination of tissue samples from the body. Cytology, more commonly known as cell biology, studies cell structure, cell composition, and the interaction of cells with other cells and the larger environment in which they exist. The term "e;cytology"e; can also refer to Cytopathology, which analyzes cell structure to diagnose disease. Genetic testing is a type of medical test that identifies changes in chromosomes, genes, or proteins. The results of a genetic test can confirm or rule out a suspected genetic condition or help determine a person's chance of developing or passing on a genetic disorder. More than 1,000 genetic tests are currently in use, and more are being developed. Molecular Cytogenetics encompasses all aspects of chromosome biology and the application of molecular cytogenetic techniques in all areas of biomedicine, including structural and functional organization of the chromosome and nucleus, genome variation, expression and evolution, chromosome abnormalities and genomic variations in medical genetics and tumor genetics. Molecular Biology has been written with the view of presenting a coherent, enlightening work on the topic by means of which experts may approach the subject with an expert reader may approach the subject with an eager constitution. Molecular biology deals with one of the most rapidly progressing areas of biology, it remains critical for students not only to have the most current information available, but also to understand the experimental nature of contemporary research in cell and molecular biology. It is our earnest hope that this book will be of great value to all the students

Microbial Physiology Genetics and Ecology

Microbial Physiology Genetics and Ecology PDF Author: Glen Pierce & Lynn Scott
Publisher: Scientific e-Resources
ISBN: 1839472731
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 308

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Book Description
Microbial Physiology retains the logical, easy-to-follow organization of the previous editions. An introduction to cell structure and synthesis of cell components is provided, followed by detailed discussions of genetics, metabolism, growth, and regulation for anyone wishing to understand the mechanisms underlying cell survival and growth. This comprehensive reference approaches the subject from a modern molecular genetic perspective, incorporating new insights gained from various genome projects. The major objective of this book is to identify and focus attention on those methods and concepts that contribute to an understanding of organismal or genetic persistence. In addition, information about microbial physiology, genetics and ecology contributing to persistence of microorganisms or the measurement of persistence will be discussed. Consequently, there is a great need for more baseline information concerning the ecology of microbes in the natural environment. In determining the underlying risks associated with the release of genetically engineered microorganisms, both the target of risk and the critical exposure level must be identified.

Genetics and Fish Breeding

Genetics and Fish Breeding PDF Author: Kolton Harrell
Publisher: Scientific e-Resources
ISBN: 1839472693
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 316

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Book Description
Genetics and Fish Breeding gives an intensive survey of this vital subject, featuring species which are reproduced economically, for example, salmon, trout, carp and goldfish. The writer, has drawn together an abundance of data, giving a book which ought to be purchased by all fish researcher, fisheries researchers, geneticists and aquarists. A training initially created to deliver quality seed in imprisonment, actuated rearing has made awesome walks in angle populaces for India. The book offers a functional and concise diagram-from existing methods and operations to late patterns and their effects on aquaculture for what's to come. Provides point by point data about observational rearing practices like blended bringing forth and aimless hybridization; Presents the environmental and hormonal impact on development and bringing forth of fish with genuine fish rearing cases from around the globe; Includes well ordered logical measures to help tackle issues emerging from regular fish-cultivating botches; Provides genuine cases to maximize fish and seed creation to help general maintainability in aquaculture.

Genetic Democracy

Genetic Democracy PDF Author: Veikko Launis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402062125
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 148

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Book Description
This book provides an in-depth analysis of the ethical, social and philosophical issues related to modern genetic research and gene technology. The aim of the book is to introduce systematic research on the social and ethical impacts of the use and development of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) as well as the acquisition, use and storage of human genetic information (HGI). The book has been written from the viewpoint of social and political philosophy.

Genetic Engineering

Genetic Engineering PDF Author: Mark Y. Herring
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 0313334730
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 220

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Book Description
Presents an overview of genetic engineering, detailing its history, its techniques, and its controversial application in the cloning of animals, modification of foods, genome mapping, DNA profiling, and treatment of disease.

Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering

Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering PDF Author: Facts On File, Incorporated
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 1438130821
Category : Biotechnology
Languages : en
Pages : 364

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Book Description
Provides a history of biotechnology and genetic engineering, biographies of important figures in the field, an annotated bibliography and an index for the researcher's use.